Gaforova Z.A. The Theme of Family and Marriage and Womanʼs Image in “Panchakyana”
The article analyzes the famous monument of Sanskrit narrative prose “Panchatantra” (“Pentateuch”) in the context of didactic and moral-ethical problematics. The author focuses on issues of family and raising children, and the role of women in this process. The various female characters depicted in the work are considered. The conclusion is made about the relevance of “Panchakyan” in the contemporary world.
“Panchatantra”, ancient India, Sanskrit, “Panchakyan”, translation from Sanskrit into Farsi, 17th century, Mustafa Khaliqdad Hashimi Abbasi, woman, family, marriage
Gafarova U.A. Khoji Nasiruddin Tusi’s Ethical and Socio-Political Views
The article dwells on the consideration of the moral-ethical and socio-political views of one of the outstanding scholars of encyclopedism, Khoji Nasiriddin Tusi based on his well-known literary production referred to as “Akhloki Nosiri” (Nasir’s Ethics) promoted scientifico-artistic prose development.
Analyzing Khoji Nasiriddin Tusi’s philosophical thoughts, the author of the article comes to the conclusion that alongside with other issues concerned with philosophy, politics and ethics, this thinker develops the theme of practical reason, political practicality and prudence, upon the whole.
Azimova M.N. Comparative Analysis of Concerned with Equivalence and non-Equivalence of Phraseological Units
The article dwells on the issues beset with the comparative analysis of equivalence and non-equivalence of phraseological units. It is noted that the problems dealing with equivalence and non-equivalence form the key basis for the problems of translatability and untranslatability of language material. Here it is necessary to dwell on the linguistic features of these dichotomous concepts, around which quite heated debates and discussions are held in many linguistic studies.
Adducing the results of the analysis of the theme explored one can come to the conclusion that proverbs and sayings, i.e. phraseological units with a sentence structure can only be identified using sentences and the semantic integrity of a phraseological unit can be established by comparing its components meaning as individual words, as well as by identifying the peculiarities of its usage in the context.
equivalence, non-equivalence, phraseological units, comparative analysis, linguistic features, translatability and untranslatability of language material
Sabo B. The Value of P. Smirnovsky’s Textbook “Russian Grammar. Etymology” (1920) for Russian Emigre Community in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
P. Smirnovski’s textbook “Russian grammar. Etymology”, published in Belgrade in 1920 practically after the arrival of the first emigrants to the Kingdom of SHS, is a reprint of the 24th edition of the textbook, which was published in Russia in 1914. The paper deals with the structure of the textbook and its role in the Russian emigrant environment in the Kingdom of SCS.
Russian emigration, Russian language textbook, P. Smirnovski,
the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Stepanenko E.V. Adaptation of Borrowed Words in Modern Macedonian
This article analyses different types of adaptation of borrowed words in modern Macedonian. The process of borrowing in modern Macedonian is characterized not only by the increased amount of foreign words, but their involvement into the Macedonian grammar system, as well as phonetic, lexico-semantic and word-formation connections of the language. In modern Macedonian the main source of borrowing is English along with its American variant. The presence of different types of borrowings allows telling about various degrees of their adaptation and the depth of the analyzed reality. The results of this analysis are applied to solving the problems of functioning terminology in modern Macedonian, in translation and interpretation practice in particular.
borrowings, adaptation, anglicisms, internationalisms, lexical language structure, language changes
Belova T.N. The Latest Modern Trends of Russian Literature Study in the Anglophone Countries of the West (2000–2020’s)
The paper comprises the latest modern trends of Russian literature study in the Anglophone countries of the West, i. e. the impartial reasoning and fair assessment, keen interest to the little-known problems and new authors’ names, taking into consideration the achievements of the famous Russian scholars and émigrés. Their works are used to demonstrate the artistic perfection of Russian literature as well as moral, ethical and aesthetic views of Russian writers. Also the paper regards a few works by Western slavists possessing erroneous and biased ideas and rather tendentious attitude to the valuable legacy of the famous Russian classics.
Russian and Soviet literature, its English studies in the West, the latest modern trends, new directions of research and translation
Communications and Materials
Yampolskaya A.V. The Poetry of Umberto Saba Interpretated by Pier Paolo Pasolini
This paper examines articles and essays in which Pier Paolo Pasolini talks about Umberto Saba. Pasolini emphasizes that Saba belongs to the literary tradition of Trieste, analyses his themes and his poetics, his specific poetical language, indicates the place of Saba in Italian literature. Pasolini played a significant role in ensuring that Saba’s work received a fair evaluation. At the same time Pasolini’s texts about Saba prove that he was not only a great writer, poet and film director, but also a talented philologist and literary critic.
Pier Paolo Pasolini, Umberto Saba, Italian poetry, literature of Trieste
Nestser N.V. The Gothic Tradition in W. Scott Works (“The Tapestried Chamber, or The Lady in the Sacque” and “My Aunt Margaret’s Mirror”)
The works of W. Scott “The Tapestried Chamber, or The Lady in the Sacque” (1828) and “My Aunt Margaret’s Mirror” (1829) are considered. It is noted that in these works there is a fantastic beginning inherent in Gothic literature, while the writer seeks to give a logical explanation of the mystical and supernatural. The Gothic space characteristic of the horror and mystery novel becomes the fundamental background for the development of the storyline of W. Scott’s works. The time frame of the works is limited to events taking place in the present, gradually turning to the past, against which the development of the main storyline takes place. There are two Gothic villains in the works, one of whom is the initiator of the manifestation of real evil towards other characters, the other is actually the embodiment of the evil principle – the ghost of a lady in an old dress in the “The Tapestried Chamber”, Sir Philip Forester in “My Aunt Margaret’s Mirror”.
gothic, gothic novel, “gothic” type of plot unfolding, W. Scott, character system, tradition, chronotope
Ashrapov B.P. Comparative Analysis of Word-Building Potential of Tajik Adverbial Prefixes bar-, dar- and to- and Their English Equivalents
The article dwells on the issues beset with the comparative analysis of word-building potential of Tajik adverbial prefixes бар-/bar-, дар-/dar- and то-/to- and their English equivalents [1; 6; 17]. It is noted that adverb is recognized as an independent part of speech in the comparative languages. However, its classification as a special category in these languages is uncertain, their lexical boundaries are wide, and their functional types are diverse.
Potparić D. ‘Katarina Jovanović’ Serbian Library in Zurich
In the period from 1952 until 2016, a Serbian Library “Katarina Jovanovic” existed in Zurich. It was the fifth most significant library in the Serbian diaspora. Until this paper, no light has been cast on its significance in any detailed or scientific manner. This paper aims to show the historical genesis, development and termination of the Serbian Library “Katarina Jovanovic” in Zurich. The birth of the idea, the first organized activities, finding an adequate location and collecting library volumes, institutionalization within the Swiss government system, the arising issues and the termination of activities, with interesting details from the life of the library, present the concept of this paper.
library, Katarina Jovanovic, Zurich, emigration, cultural disaster
Gogol I.E. Intonation of Tag Questions in L2 English Speech by Native Speakers of Chinese
The article presents the results of the experimental study devoted to the intonation of tag questions in English speech of Chinese native speakers. The study mainly deals with the communicative function of intonation in English tag questions and investigates the most typical cases of mismatch between the intonation and communicative intent of English tag questions recorded by Chinese native speakers.
intonation, tag question, communicative failure, communicative function, language interference, bilingualism
Zaitseva K.M. On the Question of the Socio-psychological Dependency of Female Poetry Art in the 19th century Russia
The article considers the problem of peculiarity female poetry in 19th century Russia. In particular under the exploration is the interrelation of subjects and artistic features of female lyrics of the Golden Age, which form the concept of “female art creativity psychology” with the gender stereotype of those times. Research works on this subject and also critical articles of contemporaries were investigated. It was supposed that the 19th century female poetry art was greatly influenced by the so-called socio-psychological factor, which, on its side, assumes the dependence of psychological peculiarities of female poetry from the role of women in the secular public consciousness of that period. The investigation resulted in the conclusion that the artistic features of female poetry are connected with the social status of women.
female lyrics, Russian poetesses, the 19th century poetry, socio-psychological factor, subject-object role of a woman
Koroleva A.L. The Specifics of Otherworldly Space Depiction in Breton Lays
The given article has attempted to identify the characteristics of the “otherworldly” space as described in Breton lays. The research material consists of two lays by Marie de France, namely, “Guigemar” and “Yonec”, as well as two Middle English lays, “Sir Degaré” and “Sir Orfeo”. All these texts include a motif of a passage into a space that can be described as magical, strange, or even regarded as the underworld. In this paper, this space is defined as “otherworldly”, since this term is broader and more neutral. The article concludes that such space has a number of recurring properties and characteristics, such as unusual desolation, emphasized richness of dwellings, natural markers (forest, river), etc. Some of these properties are also typical of the “otherworldly” spaces described in other medieval genres (such as chivalric romance), while others appear to be specific to lays. The paper also examines the links between the specific features of the “otherworldly” space in Breton lays and Celtic mythology.
Breton lay, Marie de France, Sir Orfeo, Sir Degaré, initiation motif, journey to the underworld motif, Celtic mythology
Morozova N.V. To the Question of Dieremes in Phonetic Words
The article is devoted to the question of dieremes (signals of juncture) in the phonetics of the modern Russian language. The behavior of phonemes in strong deafness-sonority positions located at the junctions of a full-meaning word with enclitic and proclitic is analyzed. The research was conducted using examples recorded from speech that can be called colloquial (interviews, videos from personal blogs). It is noticed that in enclitism, dieremes appear – phonemes are realized with a deaf sound, although they are in strong positions. In proclitism, as a rule, dieremes do not appear – phonemes are realized by voiced consonants. The results of the study allowed us to conclude that both phenomena are explained by phonetic laws: before enclitics, a diereme is necessary to indicate that a full-meaning word has ended (stun at the end of the word); proclitics are semantical and as non-independent words, do not need stun – the phoneme in a strong position is realized by a voiced consonant.
phonetics, phonetic word, clitic, diereme, signals of juncture, strong positions of phonemes, neutralization, sounding speech, colloquial speech, modern Russian language
Mojsova-Chepishevska V. The Contribution of Foreign Macedonists, Slavists and Balkanists to the Studies of the Macedonian Language, Literature and Culture
Milchovska N.V. Review of the IV International Scientific Conference “Russian Language, Literature and Culture: Past, Present, Future” (Russian Center at the University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje, September 27–29, 2023)
Korneev A.V. A.S. Pushkin’s Nephew Is the Prototype of the Dostoevsky’s “Positively Sweetheart Person”
Dmitrenko A.V. Semantics of the Color Red in B.M. Kustodiev`s Painting of the First Quarter of the 20th century and in the Poems of the New-peasant Poets (The collection “Red Chime”, 1918)
he author compares B.M. Kustodievʼs painting and the poems included in the “Red Chime” collection from the point of view of the symbolic red color use in the context of styles, movements, trends in art and in the revolutionary context. Parallels are drawn between fine art and literature of the early 20th century, the features of the use of red color as a symbol in visual art and literature are examined
symbolism of red, semantics of red, symbolism, fine arts, poetry, painting, Silver Age, new-peasant poetry, revolution