Zagryazkina T.Yu. Francophonie: Is It about the Language, the Culture or the Politics?
The topic of the article is connected with the research of francophonie as a unique linguistic, cultural and geopolitical community. The aim of the research is to examine the dynamics of its development taking into account political and ideological courses.The framework of the research includes the texts of francophonie founders, the documents of the International Organization of la Francophonie as well as the works of Russian and foreign authors. Francophone countries and regions are explored as well as the change of discourse on francophonie from the idea of universalism and paternalism (1) to the idea of the common spirit of francophone countries (2) to the idea of francophone identity/s with the support of cultural diversity of French speaking countries (3). The conclusion about the modification of the role of the French language in modern francophone world in the context of the transition from the ideology of “cultural exclusion” to the ideology of cultural pluralism and multiple identities is reached. The idea of a politicization of the phenomenon of francophonie is presented.
Sergeev A. Evolution of the Autobiography Genre in Hans Christian Andersen Works
The article examines the evolution of the autobiography genre in Hans Christian Andersen works beginning with his “Life Story”, which focuses on the author’s inner world, and finishing with “My Life as a Fairy Tale” in which the emphasis is transferred from the image of the inner world to a story about people, whom he met, as well as to the events he observed, and to how he and his works were treated in his homeland and abroad.
evolution, genre, autobiography
Krylova M.N. “People Want Poetry”: The Linguistic Personality of a Modern Poetry Admirer
The article revealed that the main, most active and obvious in terms of manifestations in social networks, the modern poetry consumer is a young girl / woman of 18–35 years of age. The subject of attention of this linguistic personality are, as a rule, poems of poor quality and primitive content. Such verses are copied by girls / women and used for communication in social networks – as congratulations, social statuses, comments, etc. The reason for this phenomenon is the lack of high-quality literary education, as well as the interest in reading and infantilism of many representatives of modern youth. However, the presence of the interest in poetry, the desire to use it in communication manifests the general positive mood of the person, her need for the beautiful, leveled by the inability to distinguish beautiful from the ugly.
poetry, poetry, Odnoklassniki social network, linguistic personality
Korosteleva A.A. The Doppelgänger Phenomenon in the Cinema: The Characters’ Communicative Strategies
The article being a linguistic research describes the communicative aspects of the ‘evil twin stranger’ phenomenon in cinema (the films based on Andersen, Dostoevsky, etc. are analyzed ). By analyzing the work of communicative tools in a movie dialogue, conclusions are drawn about the individual communicative strategies of the characters in several master-twin pairs. The specifics of the typical communicative behavior of twins-protagonists and the specifics common to their “masters” are described.
communicative semantics communicative stereotype, aesthetic function of communicative means, spoken film dialogue, actor’s communicative strategy
Kovtun E. The Sociology of Science Fiction and Fantasy: Monitoring Within Science Fiction and Fantasy Studies Classes at Lomonosov Moscow State University
In the previous parts of the article published in Stephanos No 1 and No 4, 2019 we discussed understanding of the term “science fiction and fantasy” by the students as well as their preferences in this field and also abstracted their perception of “ideal” science fiction and fantasy text. In this part of our publication we’ll comment the students’ speech about the most interesting for them fantastic ideas and about who, why and for what create and read science fiction and fantasy books. We’ll also try to learn by which criteria the students select texts in science fiction and fantasy and under what circumstances their hobby to read science fiction and fantasy books begin.
literary science fiction and fantasy, science fiction and fantasy studies, inter-faculty classes of Lomonosov Moscow State University
Communications and Materials
Makhortova V. Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen: Poetry as “an Art of Being”
The article analyses the theme of the poet and poetry in the lyrics of a Portuguese writer Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (1919–2004). The article examines the poems written in different years and the author’s essays titled “The Art of Poetry” (“Arte Poética”). The analysis shows that Sophia de Mello understands poetry not as an art of words, but as an art of being. For the author, poetry is inseparable from the reality and, being similar to an element of the nature, it includes both the chaos and the harmony. The poetry is the source of a special knowledge. It permits better understanding of the natural and the social reality and gives an opportunity to see the beauty of the world and to pay attention to injustice, against which the poet should stand. That’s why the author raises social problems in her lyrics, especially in the poems written in the period of Salazar dictatorship. From the point of view of Sophia de Mello the real poet always seeks for the justice and the truth so the aesthetics cannot be separated from ethics.
Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, the Portuguese poetry, the topics of poet and poetry
Babenkova M.S. The Common and Diverse in the Comments of Users of Internet Portals about Violation of Language Norms
The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of Internet comments to publications on the two regional websites “Balashover” and “Versia-Saratov”. Internet users in their comments touch the problems of the culture of speech, discuss the violation of language norms both in journalese materials as well as in users’ comments. In the course of a comparative analysis, the author identified similarities and differences in the subjects of comments, in their language and in the strategies and tactics of Internet users. The research material exposed the attitude of visitors of the studied sites to the problems of education and literacy of the population. The reviewed Internet comments indicate the predominance of a destructive strategy in the communication of Internet users. The author hypothesizes about the influence of the quality and subjects of publications in the Internet media on the response of Internet users.
Internet communication, Internet comment, speech culture, linguistic means, communicative strategies and tactics
Ibragimova K.R. The Image of a Poet in “Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedy”
The article presents an analysis of the earliest preserved literary work in the genre of Scottish court flyting – “Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedy” (1507). The author describes the genre of Scottish flyting, revealing its characteristic features, studies the peculiarities of Dunbar’s and Kennedy’s individual style and shows how the image of a poet in flyting is formed at the intersection of two poetic voices. Scottish flyting is analyzed not as a dialogue but as two monologues connected in one text where both the praise and the abuse are present.
William Dunbar, Walter Kennedy, flyting, abuse poetry, Scottish chaucerians, lyrical self, the image of a poet
Makhov D.A. Lewis’s Observer of Distorted World: An Experience of Christian Worldview
The article represents composition analysis of artistic text in line with methodology of Boris Uspensky (see “Poetics of Composition”). The results of the analysis are summarized in the logic of the protagonist`s evolution and are fixed in the concept “Observer” of the novel “inner world” by C.S. Lewis “Till We Have Faces”. The first part of article is devoted to the historical and literary commentary, which clarifies the author’s artistic strategy and links the novel with the later religious-philosophical treatise “Christianity”.
visual in literature, distorted world, poetics of Composition, “Observer” of the novel “inner world”, point of view, Christian worldview
Zabrovskiy A.P., Pichugina D.A., Puriaeva N.N. Jubeleé International Scientific-Practical Conference “Pre-university Training of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation: History and Modernity”
Shatko E.V. Classics and Contemporary: Gogol, Turgenev, Gorky
Stolbova E.A., Zaytsev D.V. Tekstologichesky Vremennik. Russian Literature of the 19th century: Questions of Textual and Source Study. Book 3: Letters and Diaries in the Russian Literary Heritage of the 19th century / Comp. by N.V. Kornienko. Moscow: IWL RAS, 2018. 800 p.
“Tekstologicheskiy Vremennik (Textological Temporary)” continues the series published by A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature RAS (IWL RAS). The third issue is devoted to a wide range of source study and textual problems associated with the study of ego-literature. Epistolary and diary material predominates in Vremennik, most of which is introduced into scientific circulation for the first time. The publication allows you to form a view of the life and work of Russian writers, the literary process and the history of science in the twentieth century. The attention of the participants of the digest is concentrated mainly on the “ego-documents” of the authors of the Soviet era, letters and diaries of the Silver Age figures and emigrant authors are also considered. The little-studied aspects of textual criticism are updated in connection with this unique material. The publication is addressed to philologists, historians and sociologists, as well as teachers and students interested in the history of Russian literature of the twentieth century.
textual criticism, source study, Russian literature of the 20th century, epistolary heritage, diary