Krasilnikova L.V. The Interrelation of the Derivation with Other Levels of the Language System in the Lingua-methodical Aspect
The author of the article considers that for the building of the scientific system of teaching Russian as a foreign language it is necessary to realize the importance of the process of interrelation of linguistic phenomena of different levels. This article reveals this principle of interrelation from the derivation to other levels of the language system in the functional and communicative plans.
teaching Russian as a foreign language, linguistic phenomena of different levels in their interrelation, interrelation of syntax and morphology, lexic and derivation
Georgieva Dimova M. The Narrative Memory as the Place of the Collective Memory
This text focuses on the figures of memory, whose status of shared heritage is to be interpreted on two levels.
1. Figures of memory as a shared heritage among several memory practices: myth, folklore, history, literature.
2. Figures of memory as a shared heritage of the members of a certain interliterary community. These two levels is illustrated by examples from Macedonian literature, paradigmatic for its intertextual openness to mythical / folklore prototexts and its interdiscursive position in relation to history, but also its membership in several interliterary centrisms (Yugoslav, South-Slavic, Balkan). Furthermore, its independence from the Federation and the need to redefine the framework of its own national literature intensify the literary reemphasis of the figures of memory. Thus contextualised, the interpretation has several implications:
1. It illustrates the palimpsestic dimension of literature, verified by the numerous recontextualisations of the figures of memory.
2. It demonstrates the mnemonic dimensions of literature and history: the common interest in the figures of memory allows their (inter)textual adjoining.
figures of memory, narrative memory, novel, history, literature
Smirnov A. A.S. Pushkin and works of the pioneers of European comparativists at the beginning of 19th century
The problem of «Pushkin and the book» remains important for today's research, the great poet carefully watched and evaluated all new in the literary process of his time. Traces of conceptual thinking about literature, Pushkin’s judgements about art poetry considered significant works such as articles of B.V. Tomashevsky (partially collected in the book «Pushkin and France». Moscow, 1960), in S.M. Bondi’s «Historical and literary works of Pushkin» (Literary Heritage. V. 16–18. L., 1934. P. 421–442). Finally, it is necessary to name the capital encyclopaedia composed by IRLI RAS employees: «Pushkin and World Literature: Materials for “Pushkin Encyclopaedia”» (St. Petersburg, 2004). It provides extensive factual material about the literary relationships between Pushkin and European literatures.
For this work, it is important to identify the main figures of the pioneers of comparative literature and early nineteenth century, which attracted the attention of Pushkin, are available in the library and had an impact on the formation and development of his views on the modern literary process. Library Description of poet undertaken by B.L. Modzalevsky (St. Petersburg, 1910) became the foundation for further research. The library of great poets indicates exceptional breadth and diversity of their interests. It has books on statistics, philosophy, ethnography, natural science, law, linguistics, multi-volume work of scientists historians and literary critics. Library partially answers the question, what are the problems of literary history and culture of the peoples of Europe were at the centre of his attention. Before us is a kind of «history of world literature», is an example of deep processing and literary heritage of many centuries. Contains a lot of valuable information in his correspondence, indicating deep penetration into the essence of literary processes in Europe. Not finding samples in Russian criticism, Pushkin often turns their attention to the West. In his articles and letters he refers to the aesthetics of A. Schlegel, Lessing, Winckelmann. Deeply into the problems he wilted Shakespearean creations thanks to Guizot, Letourneur. Opinions of French and English critics in European literary and political journals and newspapers had often a decisive influence. It is well known that the critical talent of Pushkin does not fully revealed, because all was overshadowed by the masterpieces of his poetry.
Within romantic literary works appeared comparative historical character «Literature of the South of Europe» by Sismondi, «Course of world literature» by Lemercier, «Course of French literature» by Villemain, «Historical and critical review of French poetry and theatre in the 16th century» by Sainte-Beuve. In England there were «Lectures on Shakespeare» by Coleridge, his «Literary biography» occupied an important historical place.
Proceedings of the literature by Sir Walter Scott, William Hazlitt, Charles Lamb (in the London Magazine), T. Carlyle (German literature). Most important figure in this period – Madam de Staël (treatise «On the influence of the passions on the happiness of the people and nations»).
Outstanding figure in the early stage of the French Comparative studies was A.F. Villemain and as a historian and as a critic. He belonged to brilliant students of Royer-Collard. These include the already mentioned Guizot, Thierry. As a professor of «Normal School» he followed Guinguené advocated the need to study the French Middle Ages in the context of world literature, thereby supporting the thesis of de Staël on the study of each of the national literature in relation to neighbouring European (English, German).
Pushkin interested in communication, change, similarities and differences between national literatures of Europe, that was carried out over the language borders. Shakespeare was at the centre of his attention as a literary phenomenon, due to its excess of national importance. Influence and impact of such global variables as Homer, Dante, Molière, Goethe, he felt in his work. Problem of values in the literature, conceptualised by leading literary critics and writers of Europe also formed its cultural and historical horizon.
Pushkin, comparative studies, French critics and literary historians of the early XIXth century, the British magazine, German aesthetics
Vranesh A. Library and bibliography of Peter Negosh
In the article is given the analysis of the place and destiny of the ruler of Montenegro and outstanding writer of XIX Peter Negosh’s rich collection of books. This collection became the basis for creating the national Library of Montenegro. In this connection close ties between the Cetinje library and the Serbian National Library were marked. Tragic historical circumstances prevented from keeping this library intact. Making the bibliography of this collection and the other books of that epoch is a complex problem for researchers. The solving of this problem will help to create whole bibliography of the works of Negosh.
National library, bibliography, biobibliography, Peter Negosh, Montenegro, Serbia
Dobrovolskaya V. Characteristics of a lesson by its place in the educational process
The article deals with a teacher’s strategy in the process of teaching Russian as a foreign language on its different stages. On the beginning stage the interaction is formed onto the lines: a teacher – students, a teacher – a student, students – a student, a student – a student, and by this method it will be possible to diagnose abilities of all the group and everyone. It helps teachers to create a strategy, using in the further teaching, when the diagnostical and test lessons will be replaced by the regular stable lessons including the lessons of regular intermediate control; during the transition to the concluding phase of teaching – the lessons of the pre-concluding period. On the basis of the findings will be created the conditions for the full-fledged adoption of the material – from the moment of preparation for its adoption to the moment of its active using. At that, the teacher always, on each phases of the teaching is the main informer and the person who directs the cognizing activity of students, but it does not cancel in the educational process the importance of the independent working of students, which accompanies the lecturing at all length of learning.
the problems of the typology of the lessons teaching Russian as a foreign language, the phases of the communicating of the concrete teacher with the concrete group, the start lessons, the diagnostical and test lessons, the regular stable lessons including the lessons of regular intermediate control, the lessons of the pre-concluding period
Ganina Natalija. German manuscript from the 15th century in Russian collections (Moscow, Russian State Library, F. 68, №446): research problems and perspectives
The article calls attention to the research problems and perspectives of an unique German manuscript from the 15th century in Russian collections (Moscow, Russian State Library, F. 68, № 446) which comes from the convent of St. Mary Magdalene in Strasbourg and contains the lives of St. Catherine and St. Barbara (parchment) and the works by Johannes Kreutzer OP (paper).
Russian State Library, German medieval manuscripts, Straßburg, Johannes Kreutzer
Manucharʼan I. A Slavic pronoun in synchrony and diachrony
The article deals with a Slavic pronoun in synchrony and diachrony. The author analizes the peculiarities of a Slavic pronoun in the different Slavic languages: suppletive forms of personal pronouns, forms of personal pronouns with enclitic, the personal pronouns of the third person, the postfixes forming the voices, the functioning of demonstrative pronouns as articles. The meanings of the universal and individual in the sphere of pronouns in the different Slavic languages.
a personal pronoun, enclitic forms, a reflexive pronoun, a demonstrative pronoun, a postpositive article
Communications and Materials
Ananieva N. The Department of Slavik Philology: 2003–2013
The report presents the achievements of the department of slavic philology of Lomonosov Moscow State University over the last 10 years. Attention is paid to scientific work of the slavists of Moscow University, which actively participate in international congresses, symposiums, conferences and represent in their reports the main directions of the research activity. The author marks the active participation of members of the department in the preparation and publishing of textbooks, teaching and research, reference literature and fiction. Are defined the principles of working with students of the department of slavic philology and outlines its future prospects.
Lomonosov Moscow State University, the department of slavik philology, Institute of Slavic Studies (RAS), international congresses of Slavic, teaching of Slavic languages and literatures at the Lomonosov Moscow State University
Christova Daskalova B. Linguistic pragmatics in the sphere of the methodological innovations
The two most important competencies in learning foreign languages are lexical and grammatical. Different types of grammar exist: descriptive, functional and practical. In the lexical field have been developed dictionaries in order to make foreign language teachings easier – besides the traditional phrase-books are also developed frequency, valence and thematic dictionaries. However there is still a free field of action in this area. In our textbook we have only taken the verbs as part of the speech and introduced them in a very convenient way for Russian speakers’ learning.
foreign language teachings; teachings for Russian speakersʼ; textbook of bulgarian verbs
Rzhannikova O., Timonina E.V. Some grammatical problems of translation from Bulgarian to Russian (On the materials of the Russian student competition in literary translation from Bulgarian to Russian.)
The current paper is devoted to grammar difficulties of translation from Bulgarian into Russian. The report contains a concise review of problems caused by differences in verb systems of two languages. More attention is devoted to possible difficulties concerned with Bulgarian category of definiteness, which is not found in Russian.
literary translation, grammar difficulties of translation, differences in grammar systems, verb system, category of evidentiality, noun system, category of definiteness
Smirnov A. The problem of correlation between historical and axiological methods in the study of literature
Historicism – is the realisation of the fact that science, art , literature and culture in general – any cognitive activity – with the necessity accompanied by the establishment of the genesis, origin, formation and development of selected objects for understanding. Historicism – a principle approach to the phenomena of material and spiritual culture in the process of artistic or scientific research.
Historicism as a method originated in the era of Romanticism. At the beginning of the development of this concept were F.K. Savigny, W. Grimm , L. von Ranke, as well as the works of the French historians of the Restoration Guizot, Thierry, Mignet. Historicity of human creations and its spiritual component was philosophically understood in the XIX century as contained in its existence the possibility of developing and improving as conversion to a creature that is aware of itself as an object , and as the subject of a holistic process of life. Man in the Age of Romanticism stands in unity of time and eternity.
Fiction first of all provides aesthetic and ethical values, so literature and axiology are always correlated – history of culture, primarily asserts itself through a system of values. Values of the current stage of development of literature and art cease to be an inclusive, comprehensive, historical changes they have undergone in recent years, become essential that literary text acquired situational.
The most important for literary XIX – early XX centuries has always been the problem of establishing the canon of world literature and art, it is most closely connected with the establishment of criteria for literary values, criteria for the selection of texts.
The task of choosing the values of world literature masterpieces of all times and peoples naturally leads to the formulation and solution of specific axiological problems, to develop the criteria for their selection. Of first importance, of course, are the problems of literary values and those components that indicate that a text is «belles-lettres».
Axiology of modern art is concerned with many problems, among which four are decisive:
1. whether literary values conclude only in the literary text, or also in its perception;
2. why the value perception of the text comes first in literary criticism and school teaching literature;
3. wtether the ritual, political, «therapeutic» values posess the artistic value;
4. how to distinguish practical and artistic functions of a text using new axiological methods?
historicism, values, development and enrichment of the literature, especially the literary process
Dementieva O.Y., Yue Z. About clothes and jewelry in Russian and Chinese
This article is devoted to the analysis of expressions used, in Russian and Chinese, to describe the way a person dresses, including his or her clothes and accessories. The article gives a detailed analysis of the choice of stylistically neutral or marked expressions, characterizing one’s actual or usual appearance, as well as principles concerning the collocation of verbs and nouns in Russian. Accordingly, it also studies lexical options in this semantic field, conveying actuality or usualness, or with evaluative meanings in Chinese, and principles of combinations of verbs with names, referring to items of clothes.
actual or usual appearance, collocation of verbs and nouns, syntax
Kovtun E., Sheshken A. The experience of reading the inter-faculty course on the history, culture and literature of the Slavs in the Lomonosov Moscow State University
In the article the are defined the aimes of the inter-faculty course, devoted to the history, culture and literature of Slavs. Flso are denoted the principles of the choosing the material for studying by Moscow university students of non-philological specialities. The authors report the difficulties they were confronted with and the ways of solving them.
inter-faculty course, history, culture and literature of Slavs, Slavic Studies in Russia – traditions and innovations
Inter-faculty program course Lomonosov Moscow State University. «Our brothers – Slavs: History, Culture, Literature»
Anastasjeva I. Unknown Evreinov La bête Traquée The cornered
In the article which precedes the publication of the film script «La bête Traquée» («The cornered») is defined the place of Nicholai Evreinov in the history of Russian theater in early XX century, his views on the future destiny of theatre. The film script is considered in the context of representations of Evreinov about dramatic art as such.
Nicholai Evreinov, «the life being converted into the theatre», «instinct of theatricality», «modernist theater», the dichotomy «Dionysianism – Apollonism»
Events. Names. Destiny
Mescheryakov S. Dobrica Cosic. The writer, a politician, a man
In the article the way of life and the artistic destiny of the Serbian writer Dobrica Ćosić, Academician of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1992–1993), is submitted. Also is given a short analyses of his most famous novels.
Dobrica Ćosić, Serbia, Josip Broz Tito, dissidents in Yugoslavia, writer and authority, «Friends of my time» (2011), and other works of Ćosić
Novitskas L., Pershkina A., Fedotov A. III International Conference of Young Researchers «Textology and literary-historical process» (Lomonosov Moscow State University, 13–14 March 2014)
Motejunajte I. Future as a plot: Tver, 10–12 April 2014
Meeting-seminar on the 80th anniversary of associate professor V.P. Gudkov (Lomonosov Moscow State University, 23 May 2014)
Zhuykova E. Does literature need a citizenship? Raised up of the néante: The anthology of the DP and the second wave emigré writers / Author-composer: V.V. Agenosov. Moscow; Sankt-Petersburg: Aletheia, 2014. 734 p.; ill.
Urza A.V. Grammar and Text. Tutorial for practical training. Moscow: Moscow University Publishing House, 2014. 264 p.