Zlochevskaya A.V. Czech and Slovak literary Russian studies in the late 20th – early 21st century
The article deals with the main directions and development trends, the characteristic features of contemporary Czech and Slovak Russian studies. Russian literature is viewed by Czech and Slovakia scientists in the context of the movement of the world literary process. At the same time, the receptive approach remains the focus of attention. If Czech and Slovak studying of Russian Literature of the late 20th – early 21st century cannot be appreciated as a period of the heyday, then at least it is a very productive period in its history. Excellent prerequisites were appeared for the birth of a “new image” of Russian literature, freed from the Soviet “panideologism” characteristic, and enriched by the study of little-knowned works of Russian writers, literary crinics and philosophers.
czech and slovak rusistics, Russian literature, word literature, reception, inter-literary relations, comparative studies, culturology
Sorokina V. Svetlana Aleksievich’s Life-Writing Books and Its’ Western Critics
After the receiving of the Nobel Prize Award the Svetlana Aleksievich’s art phenomenon undergone great attention in western critical press, which regarded her work at least in three directions: discussion of Swedish Academy of science choice; disputes about the genre nature of the writer’s texts and the establishing of her literary connections and the traditions of her work. Despite the overriding attention to the individual creativity in the Svetlana Aleksievich’s “Red Cycle”, critics consider her books as literary monuments to the voices of witnesses saved from oblivion.
life-writing, Nobel Prize Award, Russian documentary prose, polyphony, Svetlana Aleksievich
Nichiporov I.B. Igor Vishnevetsky’s “Leningrad” as an Experimental Long-Short Story about War
The article offers a comprehensive analysis of I. Vishnevetsky’s long-short story “Leningrad” (2010) as an original phenomenon of contemporary literature about the war. The author considers the character world, problems, composition of the work, its connections with the aesthetics of the Silver Age and the principles of ornamental prose. Special attention is paid to the image of the hero-artist, his ideas about art and the blockade of modernity.
the siege of Leningrad, the Silver Age, ornamental prose, psychology of creativity
Georgieva Dimova M. Kočo Racin’s ποιέω
The article reveals the manifestations of the basic meanings of ποιέω in the creative process of Kočo Racin. In the course of the analysis of poems from the poetic collection “White Dawns”, links with Macedonian folk poetry are revealed; drafts, versions of poems and their final edition are compared. Racin՚s poetry is also explored in the context of genre transformations of lyric forms. The author correlates his reasoning with the conclusions that were made in the studies of Blazhe Konesky, Alexander Spasov, Gana Todorovsky, Dimitar Mitrev, dedicated to the work of Kočo Racin.
Belyakova E.V., Pentkovskaya T.V., Scarpa M. Monastic Libraries and Ways of Spreading the Hesychast Tradition in the Middle of the 14th – 15th Centuries from Paroria to Belozerye: Current State of Study of the Problem
In the present article the spread of the main theological texts, like the Jerusalem Typikon, the Skete Typikon, as well as texts, which explain the monastic tradition and the role of the monastic centers in this process, are discussed. The transmission of the Jerusalem Typikon is carried out in two ways: the diffusion of the text as one single whole and as part of the text in the composition of the related to them liturgical books, particularly Horologions (Books of Hours). The appearance of the oldest Russian translation of the Jerusalem Typikon in the coenobitic (koinovion) monasteries in different regions of the Rus’ is related to the efforts of the ecclesiastical – political influence of Moscow at the end of the 14th – 15th centuries, and it is one of the variants of realization of this influence. Already in the 15th century in the Rus’ there are different versions of the Jerusalem Typikon so in textual, as in linguistics degree. At that time in Russia the trend of expansion of the Jerusalem Typikon content, including liturgical and disciplinary articles in it appears. In the 15th century occurs the accession in it of the Skete Typikon, which was composed in the hesychast Athonite – Tărnovo circles, and which accompany works of st. Gregory Sinaites. The insertion of the Skete Typikon in the composition of the Jerusalem Typikon provided a widespread in the Moscovite writings and made possible the big popularity of the sketes in the Russian culture, as well as influenced to a large degree the type of the Russian’s piety of the 17th century. The attribution of the origins of the articles, accompanying the Skete Typikon in the Slavic literature, appears as an important task for the understanding of the hesychast tradition.
Gregory the Sinaite, Hesychasm, Skete Typicon, The Jerusalem Typicon, Church Slavonic translations, The Great Horologion, Female Tonsure Rite, Transmission, Monastery Libraries, Cyprian Metropolitan
Stefanchikov I.V. The Language and the Ideas of the Modern Spanish Nationalism: A Study of Vox Political Party Discourse
The article explores the discourse of Vox, a Spanish political party which became the biggest revelation in Spanish politics in 2018–2019. This paper presents the results of a study of speeches made by party representatives in legislative bodies, at rallies and in the media from October 2018 to July 2020. Using the review of the linguistic features as a basis, the author focuses on the ideological component of the party’s discourse and describes the specifics of modern Spanish nationalism.
Spanish, Spain, political discourse, Vox, nationalism
Communications and Materials
Korneev A.V. The Destiny of A.S. Pushkin’s Son-in-law – Mikhail L. Dubelt (Сontinuation)
The article uses materials from 10 archives of Moscow and St. Petersburg, which are presented for the first time. The information contained in the correspondence to allow look at the relationship between Mikhail Dubelt and his wife anew. It is a ground to revise the point of view rooted in Soviet Pushkin studies where Dubelt was presented as the culprit of the divorce.
Mikhail Dubelt, Natalia Dubelt (Pushkina), circumstances of the divorce
Musatova T.L. Gogol and Dante as Thinkers
The philosophical tradition has always coexisted in Gogol’s mind with the literary one. Dante Alighieri, poet, but a philosopher and theologian as well, took one of the main places in Gogol’s creation in St. Petersburg and especially during the years in Italy in 1837–1848. Working in Rome on “Dead Souls”, the writer more and more penetrated the world of Dante as a thinker and theologian, having experienced, apparently, the impact in three main directions. 1. Trichotomy of “Dead Souls”. Volume 1 of the poem is often called abroad “Russian Dante Comedy”. However, the prototype could be not only the “Divine Comedy”, but also the journey of the monk Algeric from the 12th century Latin manuscript, the philosophy of F. Schelling, The “Human Comedy” by O. de Balzac, and finally, the dogma of Orthodoxy, which is most likely for the Gogol Christian believer. 2. The theory of the Russian monarchy. Based on the Dantian monarchist views (first on “Monarchy”), Gogol reached their roots of the biblical, Byzantine sense, added to this the ideas of the French moralists of the 17th century, A.S. Pushkin’s and Metropolitan Philaret’s ideas. The result was the own Gogolian theory of the sacred-absolutist kingdom, also based on the Dantian principle of the separation of secular and spiritual power. 3. Morality. When writing the first volume of the poem, Gogol proceeded from the spiritual heritage of the Renaissance and the New Age, as well as the French Enlightenment. At a late stage related to religious quests, Gogol could not, when writing 2 volume of “Dead Souls”, follow the paths of Salvation of literary heroes in the spirit of Dante. Caught up by his death in Moscow in 1952, he did not manage to fully comprehend the idea and dot all i. Nevertheless, Gogol did not abandon his usual (and Dante’s) thought about the divine nature of great talents and their chosenness. Nevertheless, the fact that in his search he made a start from Dante is crucial and opens a field for further promising discoveries.
Dante, Gogol, Purgatory, Rome, St. Petersburg, theology, Renaissance, emperor, philosophy, St. fathers
Uvarova L.Y. Ingeborg Bachmann. The Magic of a Word, Poetry and Philosophy
The article deals with the work of Ingeborga Bachmann, an Austrian writer, poet, whose poetic talent has not lost its attractive power for more than half a century, conquers readers with the non-triviality of her worldview, the sophistication and versatility of metaphorical images, the uniqueness of her personal intonations. An attempt was made to touch the mystery of unsolved talent, paying tribute to the enormous courage of this woman, the poet who expressed the disappointment and hopes of her contemporaries, who was able to sympathize and love in spite of everything, overcoming her own pain and despair.
German literature, poetry in Germany after World War II, poeticization of “low” truths, metaphorical richness, language boundaries, mysticism of silence, antithesis, oxymoron, two-term metaphors, utopia of language
Nikolenkova N.V., Heydarova M.R. Cultural Connotive Vocabulary in Descriptions of Azerbaijan at the Beginnings of the 19th century
In the article the composition of S.M. Bronevsky which considerable part is devoted to the description of the territory of modern Azerbaijan is considered. This composition introduced into linguistic circulation for the first time is of special interest as actually the first historical and cultural analysis of life, customs of Azerbaijanians therefore the composition saturated cultural and connotive vocabulary – the tyurkizms entering in the first half of the 19th century Russian. The overview of this vocabulary with specification of time of emergence in the Russian writing is given.
history of Russian of the 19th century, cultural connotive vocabulary, tyurkizm
Gromova M.M. Russian Translations of the Dodie Smith’s Novel “The Hundred and One Dalmatians”
This paper compares four Russian translations of the novel “The Hundred and One Dalmatians” (1956) by the English novelist Dodie Smith. A brief description of the translations is given, translation decisions in the field of wordplay and proper names are compared. Particular attention is paid to the translation choices for the representation of female characters and the attempts at conveying original book’s gender stereotypes in each translation. Each translation is shortened to one degree or another, and this is not indicated in the masthead. All translations deviate from the original of the novel when transmitting personality traits, mental abilities and behavioral patterns of female characters. Despite the fact that these changes are episodic in nature, they significantly affect the perception of the book.
literary translation, children’s literature, gender stereotypes, Dodie Smith, “The Hundred and One Dalmatians”
Aparina S.A. Indefinite Pronouns with the Particle ‘si’ in Bulgarian and Their English Parallels
This thesis is devoted to the analysis of a little-known group of Bulgarian indefinite pronouns with the particle si (някой си, някакъв си) and their English Parallels identification. The research is based on material taken from the Bulgarian national corpus and the parallel corpus of Slavic languages ParaSol. The study examines semantic, grammatical, referential and contextual features of this type of indefinite pronouns, describes the contexts that provoke the manifestation of a pragmatic and evaluative component in their semantics. The relationship between the semantics of an indefinite pronoun, the reference of a nominal expression, and the structure of a nominal group with one or another indefinite pronoun is determined. The study of the material of the parallel corpus showed that the semantics of the Bulgarian pronouns някой си and някакъв си is transmitted in English not only and not mainly by indefinite pronouns, but by a wide range of means related to the sphere of uncertainty.
indefinite pronouns, clitics, semantics, evaluation, reference, translation, the Bulgarian language, the English language
Voropaev V.A. The Bibliography of N.V. Gogolʼs Works and Literature about Him in Russian. 2019
Frolov M.A. Literature, Journalism and Politics in the Russian Press of the Turn of the 19th–20th cs.: Materials for the Annotated List of Pre-revolutionary Daily Newspapers
The publication is an experience of a preliminary bibliographic review of pre-revolutionary newspapers, the highest publication activity of which occurred at the end of the 19th – beginning of the 20th c., and on the pages of which were regularly published famous russian writers, poets, critics, publicists, journalists, historians and politicians. The annotated list, which takes into account not only metropolitan but also regional newspapers, is not closed (and certainly does not pretend to be complete in any way), but basic. Its preparation is due to the main research objectives of the scientific project «Russian literature and journalism in the pre-revolutionary era: forms of interaction and methodology of analysis», one of which is the compilation of annotated bibliographic murals of the content of key daily pre-revolutionary newspapers (here we should take into account the extremely small number of existing murals and consolidated thematic catalogs). This list, however, has a general application (heuristic) value for those researchers who are engaged in the study of the topic to which it is dedicated, or, in any case, the period covered by this publication (1900–1917; these chronological boundaries, as the reader will note, in our publication are often adjusted depending on the duration of the existence of a particular publication). This publication is one small step on the way to creating a broad source base based on the material of the pre-revolutionary periodical press. The structure of the bibliographic description is simple: the name of the newspaper and its subtitle (changes in the name are specifically stipulated), the period of existence, party and other affiliation or orientation of the publication, its format, the address of the main office or editorial office, lists of publishers, editors, authors, information about the publication’s appendices and indexes of content, the availability of sets of newspapers in major libraries, publications dedicated to a particular publication, and preserved archival materials.
pre-revolutionary press, daily newspapers, russian literature and journalism, bibliography
Kossarik M.A. The Program of the Academic Discipline “Romance Linguistics: The History of Linguistic Ideas”
Kossarik M.A., Gurevich D.L/, Saprykina O.A., Elenskaya E.S. The Program of the Academic Discipline “Portuguese (main foreign) Language”
Events. Names. Destiny
Starikova N.N. Galina Yakovlevna Ilyina. To the 90th Anniversary
Pautkin A.A. Expert in Ancient Russian Culture (to the 100th Birth Anniversary of Professor V.V. Kuskov)
Shiryaeva I.N. The Dialogue of the Epochs
Sergey Ivanovich Kormilov (June 6, 1951 – June 20, 2020)