Lukasik V.Yu. How the Swords Get Broken: Medieval Artifact in the 20th Century French Literature
Medieval artifacts can be differently interpreted in historical as well as symbolic aspects. Legendary monarchs, with whom, for example, royal regalia in France are associated, as a rule, are several centuries older than the famous artifacts. In the literature of the first twentieth century, which reconstructs the spiritual atmosphere of past eras, the artifact, already comprehended by the Middle Ages, acquires a new meaning. Thus, the sword of Jeanne d’Arc in Joseph Deltey’s novel Jeanne d’Arc is simultaneously in-terpreted both as a weapon, incongruous the heroine (epic interpretation) and almost as a manifestation of neurosis (psychoanalytic interpretation). But there is no place for a mystical interpretation: a broken sword is a violation of the harmony of soul and body, foreshadowing the fatal end of Jeanne. The artifact again begins to function as an epic object.
artifact, Joseph Delteil, Joan of Arc, sword, Middle Age, anachronism