Domogatskaya S. To the question of the emergence of the Moscow school of sculpture in the late XIX – early XX century
«Moscow sculptural star» lighted up on the artistic horizon at the border of XIX and XX centuries. Event of Birth of a new form resembles the effect of the explosion of a super-new star, when surrounding it the luminous matter by gravity rapidly retracts inside and it turns into a pulsar, interesting for very few people. Simultaneously a lot of particles which were «shocked» by such catastrophic «failure» are thrown in space, and found themselves on the periphery of the universe. Entering into different compounds, they give the beginning for new stars, but these are the completely new ones by their composition. Before appearance the new «composition» of Moscow sculpture was formed, there were much of preceding powerful implicit work at the XXth century. Moscow, that always has reserved the right on independence views, assumed the last breath of the Academy, took the classic heritage of the old tradition but only in its most general and broadest sense – as an example of the ideal compliance the form and the image, everything else is exposing a fundamental restructuring. Here was not only the scale of purely artistic values was restored, but also was increased to infinity the level of internal freedom of the artist, that gave him the courage to enter the world spaces and defend their independence in the sphere of the conscious plastic ideas.
school, the educational system of the Academy, specifics of sculpture, «Moscow preconditions», the path of Alexander Ivanov, Ramazanov, Sergei Ivanov, Konenkov