Ayrapetyan L.S. Violation of the Linear Flow of Time in the Carlos Fuentesʼ Novel The Death of Artemio Cruz
The article is dedicated to the analysis of the unique concept of time in the novel The Death of Artemio Cruz (1962) by the 20th century Mexican writer Carlos Fuentes. The main feature of its composition is fragmentation. There are three narrative voices in the novel: the pronoun ʻIʼ with the verbs in the present tense, ʻyouʼ – in the future and ʻheʼ – in the past. The changing of viewpoints reflects the permanent transition from one time dimension into another. The passages with the pronoun ʻIʼ reflect the intention of the consciousness to stop the march of objective time which approximates death. In the narration from the third person we can find the linear time of the history. The voice that narrates from the second person belongs to the eternity which can simultaneously embrace the past, the present and the future. The lifetime of the main character represents the model of a circle, he is born and dies in the same day, his active social life takes 52 years that is a circle in the Aztec calendar. The complicated time structure of the novel reflects the main idea of the whole Fuentes’ narrative. In his or her life everybody should obey two principles: the memory of the past that is compared to the heaviness of gravestones and the anxiety for the future, for the legacy that everyone leaves to his or her motherland and to the whole humankind.
20th century Mexican literature, nonlinear time, cyclic time, integrating time, fragmentation, narrative voices