Kharitonova A.V. Death vs Resurrectionю The Canvas of H. Holbein in the Art World of the Novel F.M. Dostoevskyʼs ʻThe Idiotʼ and the Theme of Death in the Novel V.P. Sventsitsky ʻAntikhristʼ
The article reviews the parallels of F.M. Dostoevskiy’s works and artistic heritage of the writer, theologian, publicist V.P. Sventsitskiy (1881–1931). The basis of Dostoevskiy’s poetry consists in the method called by the author ʻeminently realismʼ. Sventsitskiy borrows the main concepts of this method and reveals them in his own way in the novel ʻThe Antichristʼ. The most important for both writers subject of death and connected with it faith in resurrection of Jesus Christ and immortality of the man was taken as the object of researching and comparing. The symbol of the subject is the painting of Hans Holbein ʻThe Body of the Dead Christ in the Tombʼ. This painting in the imaginative world of the novel ʻThe Idiotʼ becomes the sense center of the novel, the point of connecting the following lines: life and death, resurrection and perishing. The strange man is the main character of Sventsitskiy’s work. This character faces Holbein’s painting symbolically too. He is finding dying, rotting man’s body everywhere. The inability to have faith in resurrection of Jesus Christ creates the theory of Antichrist and causes infernal miseries and doubling consciousness. The painting is not only an item of watching, it is a mirror reflecting the events of the inner world of the man who is watching. Holbein’s painting makes the questions of human being actual for the characters of the novel and compels them to search the answers for these vexing questions as What will be with the soul when the body is exterminated? (Ippolit), What is the moment separating being from unbeing? (knyazh Myshkin), What is the faith in God? (Rogozhin), How to understand the real life and actual death through proving the resurrection of Jesus Christ (the strange man).
F.M. Dostoevsky, V.P. Sventsitsky, G. Golbeyn, continuity, ʻeminently realismʼ, imagery, painting in the literature, the theme of death, immortality human, being