Sheshken A. On Some Features of the Formation and Development of Literatures of the Peoples of Russia
Literatures of the peoples of Russia represent an interliterary community that has historically arisen and maintained its dynamic enrichment. The formation and development of these literatures has a number of common features that show the consistent pattern of this process. Literatures on national languages are characterized by irregularity of its development. Moreover, the European literature history can explain the peculiarities of this phenomenon and show that this uneven and intermittent development is essentially a part of a standard growth. Literatures of peoples of Russia at a certain stage entered the period of enrichment assimilating freely the traditions of Russian Literature and World Literature. One of the most important roles for this process was played by literary translation. Numerous features were showed by national literatures, the formation of genres, distinctive national characters, expressive possibilities of national languages, writers, and their artwork which made a national fund of literature. Folklore and national culture made a huge impact in comprehending process as well.
literatures of Russia, interliterary community, rapid development of literature, literary translation, George Gachev, Gennady Pospelov, Dionýz Ďurišin
Levshun L. The Emotive Component of the Genre Categories and Style in the Artistic Canon of Christian Culture (based on the works of medieval books)
The article examines the character and function of emotiveness in the structure of the “poetics of Truth”, as well as the artistic means of creating emoticons in emotively neutral subjects. Using the fragments of the chronicle, the prologue and the solemn sermon, the author shows how, depending on the degree of spiritual enlightenment of the addressee, the same artistic image can have different content and have an emotional impact of different intensity, acting as an “archetypal emotive”, “(biblical) emotive key”,“emotive symbol”.
poetics of Truth, archetypal emotive, (biblical) emotive key, emotive symbol
Mescheryakov S. The Writer and the History (On the centenary of the birth of Dobrica Ćosić)
The article examines the political activity of Dobrica Ćosić, mentions the role of his documentary prose and analyzes the writer’s fiction through the prism of his service to the Serbian nation. The article acknowledges the recognition that Dobrica Ćosić has earned in Russia.
Dobrica Ćosić, opposition, history of Serbia, epic scope, drama
Kimyagarova R.S. Ivan Krylov’s Fable “Pig”
The article analyzes the character of the Krylov bestiary – the Pig – for example of the fables “Pig under an Oak” (1825) and “Pig” (1811). The author examines the artistic system of fables, their perception by contemporaries, as well as the peculiarities of Krylov’s interpretation of the image of the Pig in context of the Russian cultural tradition.
Ivan Krylov, fable, Krylov bestiary, the character Pig
Communications and Materials
Sergeev A. From the History of Scandinavian Literatures
The paper examines the anthology of Danish and Norwegian classic works of the 19th–20th centuries in different genres – from essays to novels – as well as creative work of living prose-writers and playwrights, little known to the Russian reader, in the translations by one of the most famous Russian translators from the Nordic languages Anatoly Chekansky. His introductory article, in which he acquits readers his assessment of the works presented in the book, highlights the history of their creation and tells about his life experience and translation activities, is also considered.
anthology, genre, Scandinavia languages, history of creation, life experience, translation activity
Antonovski I. The International Poetic and Cultural Manifestation “Ante Popovski – Ante’s quill” – a traditional event that is yet to become a synonym for the true values of the Macedonian literary reality
The text raises the question of the significance of literary manifestations for literary reality. The thesis is that the significance of a specific literary manifestation in this digital age is not predominantly conditioned by its format and how conventional or modern it is, but by whether its mission is primarily based on aesthetic and literary criteria and consequently, by its content – how much new impulses it gives to the literary life. As a confirmation of this perception, the text highlights the international poetic and cultural manifestation “Ante Popovski – Ante’s Quill”, which has been part of the Macedonian literary reality for four years. Although it is quite new, with an aspiration to become traditional manifestation, and although it is organized in a conventional format and program, without pretentious efforts for non-standard program contents, it is already recognizable on the Macedonian cultural map, as an event that simultaneously seeks to invest in the valorization and affirmation of the lasting values of the Macedonian culture, to promote the Macedonian literary production, to enable less affirmed authors to emerge from the shadows of living literary monuments and to encourage literary science. Moreover, the text analyzes and valorizes the achievements of this year’s edition of the manifestation. Particular emphasis is placed on the international scientific symposium which posed key and hitherto unactualized questions about the creative work of one of the greatest Macedonian authors of the 20th century – Ante Popovski. At the same time, the concept of the manifestation is analyzed, which is constantly evolving, enabling it to be an event that leaves a mark and can lead to happenings that will one day have to be written down in literary history.
Ante’s Quill, Ante Popovski, manifestation, literary reality, Macedonia
Babicheva M. The Female Face of the Big Book (Women – Winners of the National Literary Prize BB)
The article studies the gender composition of the Big Book award winners. It is shown what place among the awarded authors and laureates is occupied by women authors and their works. All award-winning works created by women are analyzed. The main common characteristic features of these works are revealed: the creation of a full-fledged biography of one person and/or a family saga against the background of a detailed historical picture of the corresponding era. An attempt is made to determine the place (“ecological niche”) occupied by the “serious” prose of women authors in contemporary literary process.
Big Book Prize, literary process, contemporary prose, woman author, biography, family saga
Kochergina I.V. A Letter from Boris Zaitsev to Yuly Aykhenvald
A letter on July 29, 1927 from B.K. Zaitsev to Yu.I. Aykhenvald is published and commented. The history of the relationship between Zaitsev and Aykhenvald is briefly outlined. More over the Letter of the Board of the Union of Russian Journalists and Writers of Germany with Gorky’s sympathetic response to Dzerzhinsky’s death is cited both with the review of the responses to the “Letter of Russian Writers” (1927) in the newspaper “Rul”.
Boris Zaitsev, Yuly Aykhenvald, Russian emigration, literary criticism
Walter Z.V. Principles of the Translation of “The Tale of the Merchant”
The article is devoted to some principles of the translation of “The Tale of the Merchant” at the end of the 17th century, which realization is introduced on the functioning of pronouns. Adaptive and descriptive translation are widely spread in the text. Both techniques realize 1) in the observance of the book register, which supposes realization of the ternary opposition of demonstrative pronouns “sej / toj / onyj” and 2) in replacement of number category of personal pronouns in the direct speech. The article also consider features of the functioning of pronouns and pronoun constructions, in particular, with the enclitics “že” and the principles of introducing new characters into the narrative.
the technique of translation, the functioning of pronouns, the theory of reference, identification, “že”-constructions
Voropaev V.A. The Bibliography of N.V. Gogolʼs Works and Literature about Him in Russian. Additions (1924–2020)
Events. Names. Destiny
Happy Jubilee. Alla Vladimirovna Zlochevskaya
Mirchevska-Bošev. B. Days of Russian Language and Culture in Skopje
Shatko E.V. The Topos of the City in Synchronicity and Diachrony: A Literary Paradigm Central and South-Eastern Europe
Kudlay O.S. Lyudmila Lutsevich Autobiographic Confessions in Literature (Pretexts. Texsts. Contexts) / A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2020. 502 p.
Mojsova-Chepishevska V. «Macedonian Literature of the 20th century» as a Good Addition in Celebration of the Great Jubilee – Blazhe Koneski 100 years (Themes of the 20th century Macedonian Literature. Skopje: Dialog, 2021)