Published the text of a paper read by the author at the International Scientific Conference «200th anniversary of the birth M.U. Lermontov» (Petersburg, October 2014). The author analyses two aspects of the theme «Moscow University and Lermontov»: Lermontov – a student at Moscow University, the study works of Lermontov at the Moscow University. were named those researchers of works of the poet (from S.P. Shevyrev to A.I. Zhuravleva), which made a significant contribution to these investigations. The author remembers a seminar of V.N. Turbin and its participants, who continued the tradition of studying Lermontov at Moscow University.